The ‘Arūsi way originated and took shape during the early part of the 18th century under the watchful gaze of scholars and savants from the Arwi region (modern-day South India and Sri Lanka). They inherited the mantle of the Qādiri path from Indian and Arab spiritual guides .
This branch of the Qādiri path derives its name from the 19th century renewer of the Islamic faith (مجدد Mujaddid) from the Arwi region, Shaikh Sayyid Muḥammad b. Aḥmad Lebbai, who is known by the Arabic and Tamil epithets Imāmu l-‘Arūs(Arabic: إمام العروس) and Māppillai Lebbai ‘Ālim (Tamil: மாப்பிள்ளை லெப்பை ஆலிம்) respectively.
The present spiritual guide (Arabic: مرشد Murshid) of the order is Shaikh (Dr) Taikā Shu’aib b. Aḥmad ‘Abd al-Qādir aṣ-Ṣiddīqī. His son, Taikā Naṣir b. Taikā Shu’aib aṣ-Ṣiddīqī, is the appointed deputy and successor-in-waiting (Arabic: خليفةkhalīfah).
FUNDAMENTALS OF THE WAYThe spiritual masters of the ‘Arūsi way have written substantially on the principles and propriety of the spiritual way. Shaikh (Dr) Taikā Shu’aib has summarized them as the “Fundamentals of the Way” in the covenant that one takes when the oath of allegiance (Arabic: بيعة Bai’ah) is uttered:
LITANY OF THE ORDERThe daily private litany of the order comprises of the following 3 recitals  that must be recited the stipulated minimum number of times every waking day:
- لا إله إلا الله ١٠٠
- Lā ilāha illa-llāh (100 times)
- "There is no god (worthy of worship) except Allah"
- محمد رسول الله ١
- [Sayyidunā] Muḥammadu r-Rasūlu l-lāh [ṣalla-llāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam] (1 time)
- "[Our liege-lord] Muḥammad is the Messenger of Allah [upon him be blessings and peace]"
- اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ عَدَدَ مَافِي عِلْمِ الله صَلاَةً دَآئِمَةً بِدَوَامِ مُلْكِ الله ١٠
- Allāhumma ṣalli wa sallim wa bārik ‘alā Sayyidinā Muḥammadin wa Ālihi wa Ṣahbihi adada mā fī ‘ilmi l-lāhi ṣalātan dā’imatan bi dawāmi Mulki l-lāh (10 times)
- "O Allah, shower benedictions, peace and blessings upon our liege-lord Muḥammad, his family and companions, in the number that is in Thy Knowledge such that the benedictions may continue forever eternal as Thy Kingdom."
- أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم
- A’ūdhu billāhi min ash-shaitāni r-rajīm
- "I seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the accursed"
- بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
- b-ismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm
- "In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate"
- Ilāhi anta maqsūdī, wa riḍāka maṭlūbī
- "My Lord, You are my Aspiration; Your Divine Pleasure is my Ardent Desire"